Monolingual
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(120) 4.002083333333333

Remove unwanted OS X language resources.   Free
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Monolingual is a program for removing unnecesary language resources from OS X, in order to reclaim several hundred megabytes of disk space. It requires a 64-bit capable Intel-based Mac and at least OS X 10.7 (Lion) and also works on OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion).

I don't know about you, but I use my computer in only one (human) language--English. And I'm willing to bet that you do too, albeit perhaps not English. So why do you have a bunch of localization files for the OS X operating system filling up your hard drive? Enter Monolingual -- a handy utility for reclaiming your
What's New
Version 1.5.10:
  • Fixed a code-signing issue
Requirements
  • Intel, 64-bit processor
  • OS X 10.7 or later



MacUpdate - Monolingual




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Monolingual User Discussion (Write a Review)
ver. 1.x:
(120)
Your rating: Now say why...
Overall:
(120)

sort: smiles | time
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+201
Zo219 commented on 19 Apr 2014
After using this for years, I feel safer now using a similar app that does not clean the whole machine but stays out of the system and other places it’s clear the OS doesn’t want you to go. Even though I do, would still not advise these “delete everywhere”apps.
[Version 1.5.10]


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+4
Mcclough commented on 19 Apr 2014
Doesn't this break the codesigning of an app?
Because anything you change/remove does break the Gatekeeper codesign and the app will not launch anymore.
[Version 1.5.10]

1 Reply

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+84
Soneé replied on 19 Apr 2014
I don't think it should but, I could be wrong :)
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+1

+135

Brooklyn_Al reviewed on 18 Apr 2014
Very valuable program; though, developer, is there any way you could eliminate the need for the password entry? Eliminating that step would be welcomed.
[Version 1.5.10]

3 Replies

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+2

+2
Pypo replied on 20 Apr 2014
If you move Monolingual in other file (Utilities), after that you don't need to put password entry.
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+135
Brooklyn_Al replied on 20 Apr 2014
Pypo.....Wow very cool. Thanks for the helpful,and easy workaround. Does it work for other programs as well....like CC cloner, onyx? What is the principal is that all programs in the utility folder are assumed to be "Apple" programs and a password is not needed?
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+2
Pypo replied on 20 Apr 2014
Works only for Monolingual and only if you install it at first to Softwares file and after move to others files (I created a Personal Utilities file).
If you install Monolingual directly in other file, you have a bug and have to put twice time password entry.
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+3

+3

Kirkjohn reviewed on 18 Apr 2014
Great program ..Amazing how much data is used for languages..and when using a SSD Drive I am glad to have the extra space...Thank you
[Version 1.5.10]


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-3

+3

Lucytune reviewed on 18 Apr 2014
Beware!!!
About a year ago, I made the mistake of choosing all languages to be removed, which turned my MacBook Pro into a temporary doorstop.
Make sure you leave your preferred language intact:-(
Fortunately I had backed up just before using it, so could revert:-)
[Version 1.5.10]

1 Reply

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+2

+32
Low Flyer replied on 18 Apr 2014
Was making a mistake reason for downrating?
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+1

+1

Curmudgeon51 reviewed on 16 Apr 2014
Using OSX 10.9.2 the OS tells me the app is damaged and can't be opened. I DL from developer sire and same result.
[Version 1.5.9]

6 Replies

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+31
Whytoi replied on 16 Apr 2014
Same.
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+376
B. Jefferson Le Blanc replied on 17 Apr 2014
I've had that problem before. It seems to have to do with the default archive expander app in OS X. On my OS X 10.7.5 system it's DiskImageMounter or Archive Utility, both in the System Library>CoreServices folder. When this happens I use the old reliable Stuffit Expander, which is still free. There are other free apps that will do the same, such as The Unarchiver. Look them up on MacUpdate. Once mounted by Stuffit Expander you don't get the broken app message.

The actual source of the problem may be OS X's improved security features. This article, http://www.tech-recipes.com/rx/45404/mac-downloaded-app-is-damaged-and-cant-be-opened-error-solved/, explains the problem and the solution. For me, though, it's easier to open the troubled file with Stuffit Expander than to reset and then reset again my security settings. YMMV.
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Now-Playing replied on 17 Apr 2014
Version 1.5.10 is available on the Developer's website. Downloaded without a problem.
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+376
B. Jefferson Le Blanc replied on 17 Apr 2014
Now-Playing: I see only version 1.5.9 on the web site. And the problem isn't with the download, but with expanding the dmg archive file. For which I offered a solution - or rather, several solutions.
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Now-Playing replied on 17 Apr 2014
B. Jefferson Le Blanc,

At the top of the Developer's website, there is a tab labeled DOWNLOADS. It'll take you to a "source forge" website which lists all of the Monolingual versions.
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-88
Mike-Ryan replied on 18 Apr 2014
App won't run here at all on any one of my three machines. 10.9.2

I wonder why they don't check this stuff before releasing it?
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+1

+25

Kenm22 reviewed on 16 Apr 2014
Great piece of software except for just released 1.5.9 which won't load the helper. When attempting to load the helper it loops back to the main window. Removing all related files and trying again doesn't solve the problem. Reverted back to 1.5.8 which works great.

Other than that, it's great.
[Version 1.5.9]

2 Replies

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+38
Vitaly replied on 16 Apr 2014
same here. besides that even 1.5.8 sometimes (actually often, say 50% time) hangs
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+2
Pypo replied on 16 Apr 2014
Exactly the same problem as you with 1.5.9 and reverted back to 1.5.8 !!!
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+10

Jimge reviewed on 04 Mar 2014
This has been a boon. Some users carry on about simply buying larger hard drives. I bought my 2011 MBP with a 500GB drive, because it performed better that the 750GB for video. I use lots of apps, and have lots of raw images I want to have on my internal drive (and not have to carry an external). I try to keep 20% of my drive free to make the most of virtual memory and improve drive performance. As a result, I am always pushing the limit and constantly having to find stuff to remove. The remaining GBs above the 100GB I keep free become precious as does remaining air for a person trapped in a large but confined space filling up with water. Being able to remove over a GB of languages in a click means a lot to me. Frankly, I believe that apps should give an install option of a single language, or multiples.
[Version 1.5.8]


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+147
Gregm commented on 10 Nov 2013
I find it entertaining to notice that Monolingual does *NOT* remove those extra language packages from itself -- :-P
[Version 1.5.8]


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+1

+667

Jazzyguy reviewed on 10 Nov 2013
The savings means a lot to me and to others.I have to disagree with foregoing comments as this app saves me megabytes and appreciate this app.
[Version 1.5.8]


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-1
Kutdenis had trouble on 24 Sep 2012
Mac mini 10.7.5
1.5.3 crash with an error
[Version 1.5.3]


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+18
Outer had trouble on 08 Aug 2012
Running MacBookPro6,2; Mac OS X Lion 10.7.4 (11E53)

(1) Must be launched from an Admin account to install the new privileged helper tool.

(2) Does not honor the "Move Language Files to Trash" preference setting.

(3) No longer capable of having individual apps dropped on it (either in the Finder or running in the Dock). Throws up a non-modal window that says: "Nothing done / Monolingual is stopping without making any changes. Your OS has not been modified. OK?" It's the whole volume or nothing.

Sadness.
[Version 1.5.2]


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Booob had trouble on 20 May 2010
Since upgrading our Intel IMAC To Snow Leopard v10.6.3, we lose our Iworks applications each time I run Monolingual v1.4.3. I called Apple Repair repeatedly until I patterned the trouble to Monolingual.

Monolingual ran trouble free on the Leopard load as it still does on my Leopard Power Book G4. I prefer an English-Only computer, but if each Snow Leopard use requires reloading and setting applications I question it's value. I saw others experienced similar troubles.

Please advise!
[Version 1.4.3]


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+302
Dspencer3491 had trouble on 27 Apr 2010
Worked well for awhile but then after a few runs in a months time iTunes no longer would open and I was forced to reinstall OS X. Best advice I can give to someone using programs like this is to always back up your files!
[Version 1.4.3]


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+3
Litty had trouble on 27 Mar 2010
I am wondering if the developer had a chance to review the information that I submitted to him regarding problem with Monolingual and iWorks. Thank You.
[Version 1.4.3]


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+2

+61
Chrischram had trouble on 28 Oct 2009
Under Snow Leopard this version of Monolingual does something to its preferences file that causes the application to crash after a number of runs. deleting net.sourceforge.Monolingual.plist and then resetting personal preferences fixes things for awhile, until next time. I just tried locking the preferences to see if I get better mileage. Time will tell.
[Version 1.4.1]

2 Replies

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+106
M.Luther replied on 17 Dec 2009
Thanks for the feedback.

How often do you run Monolingual? I used Delocalizer on older systems and ran it once after installing all my software and was done with it. Now I'm looking for an Intel native language remover, and Monolingual seems to be the one.
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+1
Josart commented on 15 Jan 2010
Recently App continually crashed whenever I tried to run it. Decided to delete App and all its sub folders using Appcleaner then downloading fresh Mononlingual instal. Everything back to normal. This time kept English and all sub languages. Works great on my Snow Leopard, .
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Morgang had trouble on 23 Sep 2009
The text on this download page says it works on Tiger, but after downloading it and trying to run it, I get a message saying it does not work with my OS version. Does it now only work for Leopard and Snow Leopard? Bummer.
[Version 1.4.1]

3 Replies

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+68
Snowwhitesickette replied on 04 Oct 2009
The Tiger-compatible version is available here:

http://sourceforge.net/projects/monolingual/files/

The last release supporting Tiger is version 1.3.9.
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+557
Penguirl replied on 10 Mar 2010
Eeep, that's what it says all right. However I'm running v1.4.0 on 10.4.11 via PPC with no apparent issues. Knock on wood.
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Borodave replied on 10 Apr 2010
I'm using 1.4.0 with 10.4.11; no problems.
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kellvin had trouble on 12 May 2009
I incidentally deleted the english(u.s) yesterday ,and now I can't type anymore, keyboard disabled. anyway I can go through it?
[Version 1.3.9]

1 Reply

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+1

+1199
misha commented on 12 May 2009
Reinstall OS X. Don't do an archive/install or erase/install, just run the installer that came with your Mac (or 10.5) again. It should intelligently find/add just the files back you deleted.
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+1

+32
Frosty had trouble on 31 Aug 2008
This program will break your copy of MS Office 2008. After you remove the various language packages, it works fine, however, you will not be able to install an MS Office updates thereafter as the installer likes to have all the language packages there. Presumably it installs updates to the various language packages as well, and when it can't find them it pukes out.

I have tried to 'fix' the updaters by following advice from various sites that detail how to override the 'check' so that you can install the updates anyway, however, the result was that MS Word crashes on launch now.

So, use with caution.
[Version 1.3.9]


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+42
encro had trouble on 10 Feb 2008
Monolingual 1.3.8 will break Mail.app on Leopard and possibly other code signed applications.

I can manage to consistently break Mail.app and cause it to popup the password window. It will then never remember the password, attempt to store or attempt to retrieve it from the keychain *if the Application code signature is invalid*.

In testing I've tried removing many things from Mail.app such as language files, compressing images, removing redundant unnecessary files and stripping the redundant PowerPC binary and various other things from the bundle. None of this seems to damage Mail.app's code signature.

How do you break Mail.app you ask?

By stripping the debug symbols from Mail.app using one of many app trimming applications such as Monolingual. Since Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard introduced Code Signing and Apple Mail is code signed my guess is that because the bundle is changed and the code signature is then broken and invalid Apple Mail is then treated as an untrusted application and is refused access to the keychain by SecurityServer.

According to
http://developer.apple.com/releasenotes/Security/RN-CodeSigning/index.html
applications should trigger a popup confirmation to allow the Application to update the keychain but it appears that Mail.app does not do this and SecurityServer suppresses the dialog as the code signature is invalid.
I have filed as Apple Bug ID #5734181

Opening Console.app and checking secure.log shows many entries from SecurityServer to advise:
Feb 10 23:04:02 macbookpro com.apple.SecurityServer[20]: suppressing keychain prompt for invalidly signed client /Applications/Mail.app(7514)
Feb 10 23:04:32: --- last message repeated 16 times ---

If you are getting these messages, this wll mean you may need to restore from a backup version of Mail.app from storage, time machine or another computer. If you re-install the app from the original 10.5 Installer CD you may also need to run the 10.5.1 installer and Security Update to ensure that Mail.app is up to date.


===================================
Technical Details for strip command
===================================
/usr/bin/strip: changes being made to the file will invalidate the code signature in: /private/tmp/Mail.app/Contents/MacOS/Mail

Stripping debug symbols.

#!/bin/zsh
#This shell code sample taken from Trimmit.app
[[ -n $sym ]]&&{
# strip debug symbols. "2>&1" means error messages to the standard out.
/usr/bin/strip -Sur Contents/MacOS/*(*) 2>&1
/usr/bin/strip -Sx **/*.dylib(N) **/*.framework/**/*(*N) 2>/dev/null
echo "== Stripping debug symbols."
[Version 1.3.8]

3 Replies

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+42
encro commented on 10 Feb 2008
Code Signing: cs_invalid :
(Pretty much all Apple applications are code signed and will break on 10.5 if debug stripping is enabled)

Apple Apps:
Activity Monitor
Address Book
Airport Utility
Console
DictionaryPanel
Directory Utility
Disk Utiliity
iCal
iChat
iDVD
Image Capture
Input Method Hot
iPhoto
iSync
iTunes
iWeb
Java Preferences
Java Web Start
Keychain Access
Mail
Network Utility
ODBC Administrator
PhotoBooth
Podcast Capture
Preview
Quicktime Broadcaster
QuickTime Player
RAID Utility
Safari
Server Admin Tools
Soundtrack Pro
Spaces
Stickies
System Profiler
Terminal
Terminal
TextEdit
ThumbnailServer
Time Machine
VoiceOver Utility

3rd Party apps:
Cyberduck
EyeTV 3
Newsfire
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+42
encro commented on 21 Feb 2008
Apple Bug ID #5734181 Closed. Marked as behaves as intended.

I think it would have been better if SecurityServer advised that the Application has been changed and the content could no longer be verified. The keychain asked if you would like to trust the app with broken signature.

I can see where Apple is coming from a Security Perspective though.
burypromote

+119
mmueck replied on 27 Mar 2008
Encro - I am very interested in your comments about the latest version 1.3.9. The developer's release notes is a whole 2 word description - Bug Fixes...

Eat_A_Peach rated on 18 Apr 2014

[Version 1.5.10]



Bas rated on 17 Apr 2014

[Version 1.5.9]



Eat_A_Peach rated on 03 Apr 2014

[Version 1.5.8]



Anime_Fana rated on 29 Mar 2014

[Version 1.5.8]



Olliss55 rated on 18 Feb 2014

[Version 1.5.8]



lkoudal rated on 12 Nov 2013

[Version 1.5.8]



+2

Vsop rated on 09 Nov 2013

[Version 1.5.8]



-339

Acuraice rated on 09 Nov 2013

[Version 1.5.8]



-339

Acuraice rated on 20 Aug 2013

[Version 1.5.7]



Mac-Application rated on 27 Jul 2013

[Version 1.5.7]


Downloads:217,522
Version Downloads:2,575
Type:Utilities : File Management
License:Free
Date:18 Apr 2014
Platform:Intel 64 / OS X
Price:Free0.00
Overall (Version 1.x):
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Monolingual is a program for removing unnecesary language resources from OS X, in order to reclaim several hundred megabytes of disk space. It requires a 64-bit capable Intel-based Mac and at least OS X 10.7 (Lion) and also works on OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion).

I don't know about you, but I use my computer in only one (human) language--English. And I'm willing to bet that you do too, albeit perhaps not English. So why do you have a bunch of localization files for the OS X operating system filling up your hard drive? Enter Monolingual -- a handy utility for reclaiming your space for more useful things...like international mp3 files, email or whatever you like.

Monolingual was written by J. Schrier and I. Stein, and is released under the GNU General Public License. Source code is available.


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